Common Causes for Sinusitis
Sinusitis is understood and known as the name for an inflammation or swelling, of the tissue lining the sinuses. Regularly, these sinuses are filled with air, however with fluids, or germs they can become blocked and there is always the possibility of an infection. Sinusitis affects about 37 million Americans every year, and there are several different types of sinusitis:
· Acute Sinusitis is a sudden appearance of what can be often confused to cold-like symptoms. They include runny and stuffy nose and facial pain. These symptoms tend to last for almost 10 to 14 days. This type of sinuses can last up to 4 weeks or less.
· Subacute sinusitis exhibits the same cold-like symptoms but this type of infection tends to last longer, up to 4 or even 8 weeks.
· Chronic sinusitis are infections that last even longer than subacute infections, they can last for more than 8 weeks.
· Recurrent sinusitis, is the one when you get several attacks within a year.
There are several symptoms common for all the aforementioned types of sinusitis. These symptoms are often mistaken for a regular cold and can be often dismissed at first. Facial pain/pressure, Nasal stuffiness, Nasal discharge, Loss of smell, Cough/Congestion, Bad Breath, Fatigue, Dental Pain and Fever. Sinusitis (specially acute) may be diagnosed when a person has two or more symptoms and/or the presence of thick, green, or yellow nasal discharge. For children, sinusitis can appear due to several environmental factors that contribute to the appearance of the disease. They are allergies, illness from other children at school or day care. For babies and toddlers the infection can come from their pacifiers, bottle drinking, and finally, a smoky environment (second hand smoke). For adults, the main case is 5th hand smoke.
For adults the common causes for Sinusitis are:
· The presence and growth of Nasal Polyps blocking the air passages.
· Allergic triggers could later develop as an allergic reaction that could potentially trigger sinusitis.
· Deviated nasal septum, this means that the walls between the nostrils are crooked and it come how blocks the airway. This also might be the cause for a patient having sleep apnea.
· Fracture or broken facial bone can be the cause for obstruction and blockage.
· Infections in the respiratory tract like colds could be provide an ideal environment for the development of a sinus infection.
To diagnose sinusitis, a doctor or physician after reviewing the symptoms will proceed to perform a physical examination. This examination includes a feeling and pressing of the sinuses, to check for tenderness. Another option is a tap to the teeth to verify the presence of an inflamed paranasal sinus. Furthermore, other diagnostic tests may include mucus culture, nasal endoscopy, x-rays, allergy testing, CT scan of the sinuses, or blood work.