Concussion Symptoms You Need To Know About
If you have suffered from a serious fall or accident, then you need to be concerned about having a concussion. A concussion is a brain injury that occurs when the brain hits the skull, and the effects can last anywhere from several hours to a few weeks. Since it damages the brain, you should contact a doctor if you suspect that you are suffering from a concussion.
What is a Concussion?
The brain is a soft organ, and it is surrounded by fluid that helps protect it as you go through your daily activities. However, if your upper body or head is hit or shaken, the fluid around your brain may not be able to keep the delicate organ from hitting your skull. The impact injures the brain, and it can impair some brain functions. Since a concussion is an internal injury, there may not be any cuts or bruises on the face or head.
What Causes a Concussion?
A concussion can be caused by anything that jars the head or upper body, such as car crashes, contact sports, fighting and serious falls. Babies may also get concussions from violent shaking.
What are the Symptoms of a Concussion?
If you or a loved one have recently fallen or have been involved in an accident, then you need to be aware of the symptoms of a concussion. A concussion does not necessarily result in a loss of consciousness, and the effects may take a while to become apparent. Common symptoms include a headache, confusion and amnesia. You may not even be able to remember the accident that caused the concussion. Other signs of a concussion are dizziness, fatigue, nausea and vomiting. You may also notice that some irritability, sensitivity to light or noise, depression and sleep disturbances.
Concussions in Young Children and Elderly Adults
Since young children are unable to tell you what they are feeling, you will need to monitor your child closely after he has suffered a head injury. If he has lost interest in his favorite toys, seems to have more temper tantrums, has trouble walking or is crying more than usual, then he may have a concussion. You should contact your child’s pediatrician to determine which steps you should take to ensure that your child recovers properly. If an elderly adult is on blood thinners, you need to take him to the doctor if there is any chance that he may have a concussion. Concussion symptoms are often difficult to observe in the elderly, and a doctor will have the proper equipment to diagnose whether your loved one has suffered from a concussion.
Diagnosing a Concussion
If you suspect that you have a concussion, then you need to schedule an appointment with a doctor. The doctor will ask questions about the accident, and he will test your memory and ability to concentrate. He may also test your balance, reflexes and coordination. If a more conclusive test needs to be done, the doctor may order a CT scan.
If you have a concussion, it may take a few days or a few weeks before the symptoms disappear. To make sure that you heal properly, you should avoid sports or other strenuous activities. You should also get plenty of rest and take pain medicine as prescribed by your doctor. If you notice that a particular task or activity is aggravating your concussion symptoms, then you need to stop and rest for a while. By properly monitoring yourself and your concussion, you will soon be back on your feet and returning to your normal lifestyle.