Surgical Wound Care Classification and Control

According to MedlinePlus, surgical wounds are incisions that are made during a surgical procedure in an operation theatre.  The sizes of these wounds depend on the type of the surgery you have undergone.

Surgical wounds are usually taken care of by the doctors in the operation theatre--- with sutures, stitches, and staples.  However, one still needs to take proper care of these wounds or they might not heal quickly and cause him a lot of pain.  The surgical wound care should be given proper importance if you want to avoid the development of an infection.

Classes of Surgical Wound Care

The following are some of the classes of surgical wound care, as explained by Bupa.

•    The best means of treating surgical wounds is by closing them up in a controlled environment, such as an operation theatre using sutures, stitches or staples. The sutures used for sewing the skin together are mostly dissolvable and do not need to be taken out. The same cannot be said about the staples and stitches that will have to be removed once the wound has dried out.  

•    Surgical wound care can also be provided by means of adhesive dressings that cover the wound and prevents it from getting contaminated. These dressings would have to be changed from time to time, to keep prevent any chances of infection.

•    Skin Glue is sometimes also used for closing the surgical wounds. This class of treatment however is only prescribed for minor wounds that are not very deep.

Wound Care Centers recommends the proper maintenance of the dressing and adequate intake of food and water, in short proper healthcare, as the essentials for quick healing of a surgical wound.

Complications Associated with Surgical Wounds

The following complications can happen if the surgical wounds are not taken care of in a proper manner.

•    Dehiscence is a common complication associated with surgical wounds that can be caused due to the unhinging of the suture, staple or wound care tape binding the two corners of the skin together.

•    Evisceration is another surgical wound complication that seldom occurs but results in the protrusion of an organ from the incision.

•    Infection is by far the most dangerous complication that can happen to a patient having surgical wounds, which can only be controlled through the administration of antibiotics.   

Med City News notes that slow healing of surgical wounds is another complication associated with them that only affects the people that are heavy drinkers.   

All in all, surgical wounds can heal quickly if they are given proper care; preventive steps also need to be taken to avoid any future complications.