The musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are muscle, tendons, nerves and joint injuries that are usually located on the neck, back, shoulders, elbows, fists and hands. The predominant symptom is pain, it is associated with inflammation, loss of strength and difficulty or inability to perform certain movements. This group of diseases is often seen in jobs that requires significant physical activity, but can also appear in other occupations as a result of a bad posture sustained for long periods of time.
According to Discapnet
, a website created for people with disabilities, the term "nonspecific musculoskeletal problems" implies that a diagnosis is not established, since the term includes all painful conditions of the musculoskeletal system; which reflects the diversity of opinions and lack of consensus on the real origin of the long list of this type of medical conditions.
In people of working age, musculoskeletal disorders, especially back pain and nonspecific pain in general, are a common cause of absenteeism and work disability for long periods of time and therefore represent a serious problem for both affected patients and economic consequences for society, says Kristel Valverde, a physiotherapist specialized in occupational-related affections. This type of physical disability is more common in women and in older age groups.
The European Agency for Safety and Health at work points out that the musculoskeletal disorders can be divided in two groups:
Pain and back injuries: the work-related low back disorders, in which the pain and injuries of thoracic and lumbar character included, are a significant and increasingly important problem, and most of these pains are associated with ergonomic problems.
Injuries caused by repetitive strain: related to cumulative trauma (especially repeated movements at the end of the action with a force component or vibratory movements). They cause pain and acute or chronic inflammation of the tendons, muscles, nerves or capsules and affects mainly the limbs: hand, wrist, elbow, shoulder, or trunk (tension in the lower back).
Some of the physical therapy treatments that are specialized in occupational musculoskeletal disorders are a variety of physical agents and electrotherapeutic modalities to supplement the exercise and retraining programs for patients with work-related musculoskeletal disorders. These modalities are sometimes combined with therapeutic exercise programs to relieve pain, increase tissue extensibility, facilitate healing or assist the functional retraining.
The cold is beneficial, particularly to facilitate vasoconstriction after an acute injury tag, but also reduces inflammation and pain after exercise. Ultrasound therapy (US Pro 2000), high voltage galvanic stimulation (Galvanic Ultra-G), diathermy, galvanic and micro current pulsed electromagnetic fields (inTENSity Micro Combo) increase blood flow, facilitate oxygenation and accelerate healing. The transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS Therapy) is helpful in controlling the pain and reduce the need for medication. Functional electrical stimulation and biofeedback reduce muscle tension, improve muscle strength and restore control. The right devices for occupational physiotherapy can all be found in www.discountmedicalsupplies.com
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